Ultimately, staples development removes cultural and economic leverage from the people who live within the region and places it firmly on foreign markets. " This is especially true when there is a large, historically oppressed indigenous population, as is the case with both the NT and northern Canada. Karim Aly claims that government transfers subsidize the quality of life in the north, while foreign companies reap the profits from resource extraction. It's unclear whether or not this is true, but there is certainly a large amount of foreign .
Australia's NT, too, has long been a source of natural resources. Gold mining was taking place as early as the 1870s, with bauxite and manganese mining emerging in the 1960s and 1970s. Now, the regional economy has been booming thanks to onshore and offshore oil and gas development. This Puma Fenty Rihanna Red
r, the North is constrained to supplying natural resources to southern markets. In essence, one point of view is indigenous and shaped by a relationship with the natural ecology, whilst the other is informed by industrial capitalism and is exogenous. " Whether furs in the nineteenth century or diamonds in the twenty first, northern Canada has long supplied primary materials to the outside world. Puma Velvet Creepers Restock
isn't necessarily good news for the local economy down the line. Karim Aly, citing Michael Pretes (1988), says: "Staples dependence leads to underdevelopment in the long run because socioeconomic policies are not geared to sustainable development based on local needs.
Canadian scholar Harold Adams Innis identified an east west axis of trade bridging Canada with the metropolitan center, London. This link eventually became a north south axis connecting Canada to the burgeoning cities Puma Fenty Creepers Price of the United States. However, with the blocking of Keystone XL, a pipeline which would have run along that north south axis, Canada is now rejiggering itself towards an east west axis of trade, with the direction now pointing in the opposite direction: across the Pacific, towards Asia, rather than across the Atlantic.